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Herb Growing Instructions

Common name Scientific name Type Light Soil Height (in.) Propagation Hardiness Comments
Basil, sweet Ocimum basilicum A B M 18 SS T Excellent for pots.
Borage Borago officinalis A B D 24-36 SS HA Often self-seeds.
Catnip Nepeta cataria P B, LS WD 36 SS, D, C H Cut back in autumn.
Chives Allium schoenoprasum P S, LS D 10 SS, D H Can be grown indoors.
Coriander Coriander sativum A B R, WD 24 SS HA Space plants 8 inches apart.
Dill Anethum graveolens A B R, WD 24-36 SS HA Do not plant with fennel.
Fennel, sweet Foeniculum dulce P B WD 48-72 SS, D H Less vigor in clay soils.
Marjoram, sweet Origanum majorana P B, LS R, WD 8-12 SS, C HH Grow in pots. Sow seeds as annual.
Oregano Origanum vulgare P B, LS WD 18-24 SS, D, C H Cut back in late fall.
Parsley Petroselinum crispum B B, LS R, M 6-10 SS HH Often self-seeds.
Sage Salvia officinalis WP B D, WD 24-36 SS, C H Replace plants every 5 years.
Thyme Thymus vulgaris WP B D 6-10 SS, C, D H Evergreen. Grows indoors.


Growth category: A = annual, B = biennial, P = perennial, WP = woody perennial
Light: B = bright, LS = light shade, S = shade
Soil: D = dry soil, M = moist soil, R = rich, WD = well drained
Propagation: C = cuttings, D = division, SF = seed (fall), SS = seed (spring)
Hardiness: H = hardy, HA = hardy annual, HH = half hardy, T = tender