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Planting Instructions

Alyssum: Annual. Plant on the surface in full sun as this seed needs light to germinate. Well-drained soil. Occasionally soak in spring and summer. Does not need thinning. 7-14 days to germination.

Aster: Annual. Full sun. Plant about 1/16 “depth in well drained soil. Will benefit from a pre-chill period (in refrigerator 2-4 weeks in moist compost and sealed in a plastic container.) 10-14 days to germinate. Avoid over watering. Plant early to late spring.

Baby Blue Eyes: Annual. Sun or partial shade. Plant at 1/16” in moisture retentive soil where plant is to grow. This plant does not like to be transplanted. Avoid hot areas. Good for rock gardens or under rose bushes etc.. Protect from strong winds. Sow in fall or early spring. Keep watered to prolong blooms. 7-21 days to germination. Does not transplant well.

Bachelor Button: Annual. Plant at a depth of 1/16”. Seed must have darkness to germinate. Sun well-drained soil. Does not transplant well. Grow in clumps for good color impact. Pick dead heads to promote continuous blooms.

Baby’s Breath: Perennial treated as annual. Plant in full at sun with some wind protection. Lightly cover seed with compost or sand. Ground must be well prepared as these plants have deep roots and are useful in breaking up soil. Cut back after flowering for a second bloom. Sow in spring or fall.

Bachelor Button: Annual. Plant in full sun 1/16” deep. Make sure plant is covered as it needs darkness to germinate. Good cut flower. Plant in spring in colder zones or fall and late summer in mild climates. Branches out so give it some space.

Bird’s Eye: Annual. Plant in full sun in early spring. Plant 1/8” deep in location as it does not transplant well. Thin plants to maximize blooms. Does not require a lot of water. Grows to 20” in ideal conditions.

Bishop’s Flower: Annual. Full sun, barely cover seed in spring. Will self seed once established. Good cut flower, blooms from Summer-Autumn. Needs moisture.

Black Eyed Susan: Short lived perennial. Full sun or part shade. Propagate in spring or fall. Can be divided. Blooms in late summer and fall. Needs water during the dry days of summer. Surface sow as it needs light to germinate and will benefit from a pre-chill period.

Blanket Flower: Perennial. Sow seed on the surface as it needs light to germinate. Plant in spring. Keep moist until germination. Divide older plants in spring. Needs full sun, will tolerate heat and dry conditions once established. Good cut flower, long blooming season.

Blazing Star: Annual. Sow seed in Fall or very early spring on the surface. Keep moist until germination occurs. Water until blooms appear then allow to dry and water only occasionally. This is a desert plant. Does not transplant well. Blooms April-June.

Butterfly Weed: Perennial. Full sun. Blooms attract butterflies in mid-summer. Needs good drainage and little water during summer. Sow seed at a depth of 1/16”. Pre-chill 3-4 weeks. Many parts of this plant are poisonous. 3ft tall.

Calendula: Annual. Full sun, moderate water. Will overwinter in milder climates. Good cut flower and self sows. Sow in spring or late fall in milder climates at a depth of ¼”. Needs darkness to germinate. Adapts to almost all soil types.
 
California Bluebells: Annual. Seed in spring in full sun at a depth of 1/4". Needs dark to germinate. Best sown where they are to be grown in early spring or fall. Deep watering will prolong blooms.

Candytuft: Annual. Requires warm sunny position, well drained soil. Sow thinly on the surface along borders where they are to bloom. Thin to 6in. Can be planted in successive plantings to prolong the blooming season. Cut back gently to promote new blooms. Regular water.

Castor Bean:  Summer Annual. Full sun, regular watering. May grow quite tall. The beans are poisonous so care should be taken where they are planted. Plant ¼’ deep. Large attractive leaves and interesting seed pods.

Catchfly: Annual. Just cover in well drained fertile soil in fall or spring. Will tolerate some shade. Best if planted in clumps.

Chicory: Perennial. Not suited for hot summer zones. Full sun, moderate water. Eatable.  Plant 1/16th deep. Will naturalize. Grows wild in the west.

Chinese Forget Me Not: Annual. Sun  but will tolerate some shade. Early spring bloom and can become invasive. Does not transplant well. Good cut flower. Plant ¼’ deep. Needs darkness to germinate. Traditional “forget me not” flower.

Chinese Houses: Annual, full sun moist soil. Excellent ground cover for bulbs. Blooms spring to early summer. Plant ¼’ deep and thin. Plant in fall or spring. Does not transplant well.

Chrysanthemum: Annual, full sun. Grows to 21/2 ft tall. Regular water in well drained soil 1/8th” deep. Can naturalize in some conditions. Best if sown in location in spring. Good cut flower.

Clarkia: Annual. Seed in fall or spring in sunny location. Cover seed lightly. Thin to 12 in as each plant needs space. Needs slightly acidic soil and do not fertilize as over fertile soil will produce great foliage but poor flowers. Good cut flower. Moderate water, allow to dry out between waterings.

Clover: While not a real wildflower clovers have many uses most notably as a nitrogen fixer in soil and thus makes a good “green manure” crop to be plowed under and as soil retention as roots are deep and spread. Care must be taken as some varieties can shatter and spread. Sun or partial shade. Plant in fall as most varieties are frost hardy. Some clovers need to be inoculated to avoid fungus.

Columbine: Perennial. Full sun or filtered shade. Easy to grow dainty flowers but not suited for hot areas. Moderate water, rich soil. Will re-seed themselves. Excellent rock garden flower or border bloom. Requires light to germinate so seed on top of the soil. Also requires pre-chill period or fall planting in colder areas.

Coneflower: Hardy Perennial. Full sun, regular water. Plant in winter or spring divide in the fall only when needed for new plants. Does not like to be disturbed. Needs rich composted soil for best blooms.  Echinacea requires a pre-chill period. Plant no deeper than 1/8th inch.

Coreopsis: Perennial/Annual. Full sun. Sow in spring in place. Cut back dead blooms until there are too many to cut back then trim all to encourage second bloom. Perennial will reseed and grow for years. Good cut flower. Plant just on the surface as they need light to germinate. Annuals do not transplant well.

Cosmos: Annual. Full sun, will tolerate some shade. Seed in open ground in spring and summer or may be started in flats and transplanted. Reseeds itself easily. Sow after danger of frost is passed in not overly rich soil at a depth of 1/8”.

Daisy: Annual/Perennial. Plant at a depth of 1/8"’ in rich soil, full sun. Can be sown where they are to stay. Do not over water in early summer. Pinch back spent blooms or select larger blooms and pick off smaller ones. Sow annual in spring, perennials in fall or early spring. English daisy may be added to lawns for blooms and can be mowed. Flowers will pop back up in days. Shasta Daisy will naturalize.

Dame’s Rocket: Perennial. Tall slightly fragrant flower but can be very invasive. Alternates years between purple and white. Sun or partial shade. Seed on top of soil, needs light to germinate.

Evening Scented Stock: Annual. Sow in spring on soil surface. Full sun. Stagger planting to prolong blooming. Shelter from strong winds. Does not transplant well. Fragrant and good cut flower.

Five Spot: Annual. Sun or partial shade in moist retentive soil. Plant at 1/16” in the fall. Does not transplant. Mass plantings will produce spring and summer blooms if watered on a regular basisi. Good for borders or flower boxes.

 Flax: Annual/Perennial Best if sown in the fall or early spring. Sun. Sow seed in desired area, rake lightly then thin to 6in apart. Soil must be well drained to avoid rot. Re-seeds easily and naturalizes.

Flowering Tobacco: Perennial (short lived). Large very fragrant plant. Surface sow in spring in well drained fertile soil. Guard against snails and caterpillars.
 
Forget Me Not:  Perennial. Seed should be sown on top of fertile well-drained soil but needs darkness to germinate so must be lightly covered with compost. Keep soil moist until plants germinate. Do not allow water to pool. Prefers partial shade, regular watering. Fertilize before flowers appear. Seed in early spring or fall. Grows 4-6 inches in clusters. Will re-seed once established. Use in rock gardens or in borders, under trees and shrubs.

FourO’Clock;  Tender perennial. Full sun. Sow on surface as seeds need light to germinate. Moderate water until established then allow to dry out. Will reseed.

Foxglove: Biennial. Naturalizes in shaded areas. Rich soil, light shade regular watering. Sow in spring on soil surface. All parts of the plant are poisonous. Blooms until September. Cut back to encourage side shoots.

Gayfeather: Perennial. Good cut flower often used in florists bouquets. Attracts butterflies. Full sun, light to regular water. Sow seeds and just cover in fall. Needs a pre-chill period. One of the best cut flowers available.

Gazania: Perennial. Full sun. Propagate in late winter or early spring. Will tolerate dry conditions and minimal fertilizing. Plant at 1/16”. Requires darkness to germinate. Suitable for rock gardens or hanging baskets.

Globe Gilia: Annual. Frost hardy. Seed in spring where they are to grow as they do not transplant well. Plant at a depth of 1/8”. Thin to allow for healthy growth. Full sun little water.

Godetia: Annual. Seed in fall or spring in sunny location. Cover seed lightly. Thin to 12 in as each plant needs space. Needs slightly acidic soil and do not fertilize as over fertile soil will produce great foliage but poor flowers. Good cut flower. Moderate water, allow to dry out between waterings.

Hollyhock: Perennial. Tall towering plant that needs shelter from wind. Frost hardy. Full sun and regular water. Cut back after first bloom to produce a second burst in early fall. Protect from snails. Plant at a depth of 1/8” in late summer or spring. Feed 2-3 times during the growing season. Often needs staking or support.

Ice Plant: Annual. Full sun little or no water once established. Excellent ground cover and foliage is edible. Will naturalize. Surface sow in spring as it needs light to germinate.

Indian Blanket: Annual. Sow seed on the surface as it needs light to germinate. Plant in spring. Keep moist until germination. Needs full sun, will tolerate heat and dry conditions once established. Good cut flower, long blooming season.

Johnny Jump Up:  Parent species of the pansy this plant will naturalize under ideal conditions. Frost tolerant, cool temperatures. Sow in late fall or spring at a  depth of 1/16th inch. Requires darkness to germinate and pre-chill period. Moisture and protection from full day sun.

Lacy Phacelia: Annual. Attracts bees and is beneficial to honey bees. Full sun moderate water at a depth of no more than 1/8”.

Lemon Mint: Perennial treated as annual in some areas. Aromatic leaves and good for flavoring teas, potpourris etc… Does not transplant well so sow in place and thin if needed. Frost hardy. Regular to ample water, attracts bees and hummingbirds. Surface sow, ample water.

Love in a Mist-Nigella: Plant at a depth of 1/16” where plant is to grow. Sunny location. Nigella will reseed freely. Deadhead to produce more blooms if the pods are not wanted, however the pods are used for dry arrangements and add interest to the garden after all flowers are gone in late
.
Lupin: Perennial/Annual. Hard coat of seeds require pre-soaking or scoring to hasten germination. Seed in fall or early spring at a depth of 1/8”. Prefer wet winters and dry summers. Slightly acidic soils. Requires darkness to germinate. Keep moist until germination occurs then regular but not standing water. Beautiful towering flowers. Some attract bees. Nitrogen fixer.

Mallow: Annual. Sow in fall or spring where plant is to stay. Grows quite tall but does not require staking. Needs sunny but out of the wind location. Cover seeds lightly then thin to 18in. Very showy, pleasing flower.

Maltese Cross: Perennial. Frost hardy and prefer cooler climates. Propagate from seed in fall or early spring on top of the soil as it requires light to germinate. Needs a pre-chill period. Short bloom time. Will reseed.

Marigold: Annual. Good border plant. Plant in well drained sunny location. Will tolerate poor soil but prefers fertile land. Remove spent blooms to encourage new flowers. Will bloom all summer.

Money Plant:  Biennial Typically grown for it’s paper like coin seed pods used in dry flower arrangements, this plant can be invasive. Will tolerate shaded areas. Plant 1/8” in location. Does not transplant well.

Morning Glory: Annual climber, spectacular showy vine. Pre-soak overnight or score the seed to increase germination. Sow at a depth of 1/4" in full sun after frost. Plant in place. Keep moist until germination occurs. Can be slow to start. Blooms all summer, flowers open in the morning and fade in the pm.

Nasturtium: Grow in sandy soil. Annual, will reseed. Avoid soil that is too rich or you will have great leaves but few flowers. Plant at a depth of 1/4". Sun or light shade in spring or fall. Can be thinned or transplanted. This plant is edible and can be used in salads or as garnish. It is spicy/nutty. In warm climate this plant may live for a long time and will reseed itself giving ongoing plants. Tall varieties are great for hanging baskets or hillsides.

Phlox: Annual. Grows in most climates. Plant in fertile moist but well drained soil at a depth of 1/16”. Be sure seeds are covered, as they require darkness to germinate. Do not transplant well. Will tolerate some shade but best in sun. Pick spent blooms to prolong season.

Ca Poppy: Annual, will reseed. Sunny location, sow freely on top of soil. Keep moist. Sow in spring or fall in deep well worked soil. Mix with sand for even coverage.

Corn Poppy & Shirley: Poppies are frost hardy and prefer little or no shade, and deep moist, well drained soil. Sow in spring or autumn, most re-seed freely. Sow on surface of ground. Do not transplant well. Broadcast in a sand mixture for easier distribution.

Primrose: Perennial. Sow in well-drained soil or ideal in rock gardens. Will spread so give it ample room. Will tolerate dry conditions. Sow on the surface in spring or fall. Flower opens in the evening.

Rocket Larkspur: Annual. Full sun. Sow at a depth of 1/8" needs darkness to germinate. Needs rich porous soil. Sow in fall or early spring. Thin plants. Seeds and plant matter are toxic. Moderate water.

Snapdragon: Annual, rich well drained soil, sunny location. Sow in early spring or fall. Thin to 6 inches apart. Cut back after first bloom to give a second crop. Cover lightly and keep moist until germination occurs.

Strawflower: Annual.  Paper-like flowers ideal for rock gardens in dry areas and poor soil. Needs light to germinate, sow on the surface.

Sunflower: Annual Sow in spring where plants are to grow after frost. Rich soil and frequent water at a depth of 1/4 ”. Full sun. Thin to 12” apart leaving strongest seedlings. One of the most popular cut flowers.

Sweet Pea: Annual fragrant flower. Soak seed to hasten germination. We do not inoculate our seeds as some people prefer not to use chemicals in their gardens. Sweet Peas have not been inoculated but may benefit from it as this protects the seed from fungus. Inoculants may typically be purchased in garden or farm supply stores. Plant not more than 1" deep 1-2 inches apart. When seedlings reach 4-5" thin to no less than 6 inches apart. Pinch out tops to produce strong side branches. Can be started inside in peat pots several per pot. Plant the entire pot 1ft apart and thin leaving strongest seedlings. Ample water. Seedlings need support or trellis to climb.

Sweet William: Perennial. Slow growing, hardy, self sows easily. Plant in sun with some wind protection. Plant with seeds just covered with soil. Ideal for mass planting, close together. Good cut flower.

Texas Bluebonnet: Annual Lupin. Good cut flower. Soak or score seeds to help germination. Sun or part shade. Sow directly in place in early spring or fall at 1/8” deep. Poor soil. Must have darkness to germinate. Thin seedlings to 9” apart. Remove spent blossoms, as the seeds are toxic especially to children and cattle.

Siberian Wallflower: Perennial. Full sun fertile soil.Frost hardy, suitable for rock gardens. Long blooming period. Plant in spring at a depth of ¼”. Does not transplant well.

Yarrow: Sow on the surface, as seed needs light to germinate. Can become invasive. Can be added to lawns and mowed as it will remain green during dry periods. Plant in spring.

Zinnias: Annual. Great cut flower. Stagger plantings to insure flowers all summer long. Plant at 1/16" in depth. Thin to 12” apart. Do not plant too early, as they are tender. Full sun. Moderate water but only from below as overhead watering will cause rot.
 
Wildflower Mixes:Plant in a sunny location into soil that is well drained and as weed free as possible. The ground should be worked up to a depth of at least ¼ “. Spread seed that has been mixed with sand to facilitate an even distribution over area and rake lightly, just enough to cover the seed and keep away the bird banquet go-ers. Keep moist until seedlings appear, but do not pool water, as the seed will run into the low areas. Once the seeds are established you may want to thin them out although it is hard to know what you are leaving behind in a mix, it is better to sow seed thinly to give each plant plenty of room and not have to thin. Annual should be picked of spent flowers to encourage further growth. Perennials can be trimmed down in the fall after all bloom is done or simply left until spring cleanup- Most of all… Enjoy.

Low Grow Wildflower Mix: Bachelor Button Polka Dot 12%, Baby’s Breath 10%, Sweet Alyssum, Chinese Forget Me Not, Lupine 8%, Blue Flax 7% Sweet William, Siberian Wallflower 6% 5% or less: Ca Poppy, Baby Blue Eyes, Ca Bluebells, DWF Plains Coreopsis, Spurred Snapdragon-Fairy Bouquet, Catchfly.

Partial Shade Wildflower Mix: Bachelor Button, Chinese Forget Me Not 20%, Sweet William 9%, Lance Lv Coreopsis 8%, Rocket Larkspur 7%, Baby’s Breath 6%. Less than 5%: Shasta Daisy, Baby Blue Eyes, Clarkia, Shirley Poppy, sweet Alyssum, Spurred Snapdragon, Foxglove, Columbine, Purple Coneflower, Candytuft.

Cut Flower Mix:
Bachelor Button-12%,baby's breath 12% Calendula 10% Marigold 10%, Chinese forget me not 10% Zinnia 10%, Cosmos 7% Less than 5%: Aster, godetia, black eyed Susan, Shirley poppy, clarkia, coreopsis, larkspur, strawflower. No filler, no grass.

All Annual: Bachelor Button, Baby’s Breath  , Chinese Forget me Not, Annual Flax 10%
Cosmos, Calendula, 6%
Ca Poppy 5%
Not more than 5%:, Mallow, Phlox, Scarlet Flax, Four O’Clock, Love In A Mist, Rocket Larkspur, clarkia, Sulphur Cosmos, Candytuft, Baby Blue Eyes, African Daisy, Indian Blanket, ca Bluebells, Corn Poppy, Spurred Snapdragon, Catchfly, Painted Daisy,
This mix is an all annual wildflower mix designed to provide bloom for one year. Some seeds will reseed themselves. Ideal for rejuvenating an older bed or mixing in with young perennials for color the first year.  Sow onto well turned soil. Rake over lightly and keep moist until germination occurs.
1lb= 3500sq ft

All Perennial: Perennial Lupine 15%
Perennial Blue Flax 11%
Lance Leaved Coreopsis, Sweet William, 10%
Siberian Wall Flower, 8%
Purple Coneflower 7%
Blanket Flower 6%
Not More than 5%: BlackEyedSusan, Mexican Hat, Shasta Daisy, English Wall flower, White Yarrow, Yellow Yarrow, Evening Primrose, Maltese Cross.